Kuqa City, a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Aksu Prefecture of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is located in the middle of the southern foot of the Tianshan Mountains and the northern edge of the Tarim Basin. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south, inclining from the northwest to the southeast, with rich heat, dry climate, sparse precipitation, hot summer and dry and cold winter; With a total area of 15200 square kilometers (2019), it has jurisdiction over 9 towns, 5 townships and 4 streets. By the end of 2019, Kuqa had a registered residence population of 486666.
Kuqa is a national historical and cultural city. There are more than 195 cultural relics such as grottoes, ancient castles and beacon towers in Kuqa, which are listed as 2 world cultural heritage sites in the "Kuqa section of the Silk Road", 10 national key cultural relics protection units, and 41 autonomous regions. Famous tourist attractions include Tianshan Mysterious Grand Canyon, Kizil Grottoes, Kumutula Thousand Buddha Cave, Kuqa Palace, and the ancient city of Subash. Located in the middle of Urumqi to Kashgar and Dushanzi to Hotan, the National Highway 314 and 217 intersect at the county seat, the Southern Xinjiang Railway crosses the county, and the civil aviation directly reaches Urumqi, becoming the passenger and freight distribution center of the intersection of aviation, railway and highway in Southern Xinjiang. Kuqa is the transliteration of Turkic language, the place name of Uighur language, and the meaning of Hutong. "Because its location is an important street in the hinterland of southern Xinjiang, it is named." The name "Kuche" has been written in many ways since ancient times, including "Chuci", "Quzi", "Quxian", "Jiuzi", "Kucha", etc. In the 23rd year of Qianlong (1758) of the Qing Dynasty, it was named Kuche. One said that "Kuqa" is an ancient Kucha language, which means "the city of Kucha people".
In 2018, the national health county (township) was reconfirmed as one of the top 100 counties and cities in western China in 2019. In December 2019, with the approval of the State Council, it was agreed to abolish Kuqa County and establish a county-level Kuqa City.
In 2020, the city's GDP reached 28.889 billion yuan, with an average annual growth of 17.02%, 2.0 times that of 2015; The industrial added value was 12.675 billion yuan, with an average annual growth of 17.3%, and the tertiary industrial structure was 9.6:56:36.4.
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