Urumqi provincial capital city

Urumqi, commonly known as Urumqi, formerly known as Dihua, is a prefecture-level city, capital and type I large city under the jurisdiction of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, an important central city in northwest China and an international trade center facing Central Asia and West Asia, as approved by the State Council. By 2019, the city has jurisdiction over 7 districts and 1 county, with a total area of 13800 square kilometers. In 2021, Urumqi has a permanent population of 4.07 million.

Urumqi is located in the northwest of China, the central part of Xinjiang, the center of the Eurasian continent, the northern foot of the middle section of the Tianshan Mountains, and the southern edge of the Junggar Basin, between 86 ° 37'33 "- 88 ° 58'24" E and 42 ° 45'32 "- 45 ° 00'00" N, belonging to the continental arid climate of the middle temperate zone, adjacent to the Central Asian countries, and the political, economic, cultural, scientific and educational and transportation center of Xinjiang. It is the largest city in the world that is farthest from the sea, and is known as "the capital of the heart of Asia", It is the second Eurasian continental bridge, the bridgehead of western China and an important gateway for China to open to the west. It is the largest city (2500 kilometers) in the world that is the most inland and farthest from the sea and coastline.

In the early years of the Western Han Dynasty, the Han Dynasty set up Wuji Colonel to camp in Jinman (Jimsar) near Urumqi to maintain the safety of the North Silk Road; In the Tang Dynasty, Tingzhou was set up at the north foot of Tianshan Mountain; In the 20th year of Qianlong's reign of the Qing Dynasty (1755), the Qing Dynasty stationed troops in Xinjiang to start large-scale development. In the 28th year of Qianlong's reign (1763), the Qing Dynasty Qianlong expanded the city and renamed it Dihua; Dihua became the capital of Xinjiang Province in 1884, and has become the political center of Xinjiang since then; In 1954, Dihua was renamed Urumqi, which means "beautiful pasture" in Mongolian.

In 2021, Urumqi will achieve a GDP of 369.157 billion yuan, an increase of 6.1% over the previous year.

Major Fairs Held In Urumqi:

1. Name of exhibition :2023 The 18th Xinjiang International Coal Industry Expo, 2023 Xinjiang Coal Expo
Exhibition Venue: No.3 Hongguang Road, Shuimogou District, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, July 18-20, 2023

2. 2022 Silk Road -- China · The 9th Urumqi Light Industry Commodity Negotiation Fair and Agricultural Products Expo
Date: Sep. 05 -- Oct. 10, 2022 Exhibition Hall: Xinjiang International Convention and Exhibition Center

3. 2020 China (Urumqi) Daily Merchandise, household goods, toys and Gifts Trade Fair
Date: August 20, 2020 -- August 22, 2020 Exhibition Hall: Xinjiang International Convention and Exhibition Center

4. The 9th Urumqi International Food and Catering Expo 2019
Date: June 07 -- June 10, 2019 Exhibition Hall: Xinjiang International Convention and Exhibition Center

5. The 7th Urumqi International Food and Catering Expo 2017
Date: May 18 -- May 22, 2017 Exhibition Hall: Xinjiang International Convention and Exhibition Center

Chinese counties in Urumqi provincial capital city

Urumqi County

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