Balikun Kazak Autonomous County is under the jurisdiction of Hami City, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. It is located in the northeast of Xinjiang, bordering Yiwu County in the east, Yizhou District in the south, Mulei Kazak Autonomous County in the west, and Mongolia in the north. In 2013, the regional GDP was 4.3 billion yuan. The administrative area is 36901 square kilometers. By the end of 2019, Balikun Kazak Autonomous County had a registered residence population of 105441. It is composed of 13 ethnic groups, including Han, Kazak, Uygur and Mongolian, of which Kazak accounts for 35% and other minorities account for 2%. The county has jurisdiction over 15 townships and 46 administrative villages. There are Hongshan Farm of the 13th Agricultural Division of the Corps and Yiwu Horse Farm in Hami.
Balikun, which means "Tiger Lake" in Turkic language, is named after Balikun Lake; First, it is the homonym of "Balkul" in Mongolian, which means "tiger's front paw", named after the dangerous terrain; The first is the ancient lunar language. Founded on September 30, 1954, it is one of the three Kazakh autonomous counties in the country, and also a key county for national poverty alleviation and development work. It is a typical border county, alpine county, and disaster-prone county in Xinjiang. In 2006, it was identified as five types of areas by China. The border between China and Mongolia is 309 kilometers long, and the Laoyemiao Port, China's first class seasonal open port, is one of the important open ports for Xinjiang and Mongolia to develop border trade. Mountains and Gobi account for 25500 square kilometers, accounting for 66% of the total area of the county. In October 2017, Balikun Kazakh Autonomous County passed the national special assessment and inspection, and was officially approved by the People's Government of Xinjiang Autonomous Region to withdraw from the poverty-stricken counties.
In 2019, the regional GDP of Balikun Kazakh Autonomous County was 786.806 million yuan, the added value of the primary industry was 1003.53 million yuan, the added value of the secondary industry was 4351.77 million yuan, the general public budget revenue was 585.06 million yuan, and the general public budget expenditure was 2139.9 million yuan.
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