China, with Chinese civilization as the source and Chinese culture as the foundation, is one of the countries with the longest history in the world. The Chinese people of all ethnic groups have jointly created a splendid culture and have a glorious revolutionary tradition. China is a multi-ethnic country with the Han nationality as the main ethnic group. Chinese and Chinese characters are commonly used. The Han and minority nationalities are collectively referred to as the 'Chinese nation', and also call themselves 'descendants of the Chinese people' and 'descendants of the dragon'.
China is one of the four ancient civilizations in the world. Around 5800 years ago, the Yellow River, the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the Xiliao River showed signs of the origin of civilization; Around 5300 years ago, all regions of China have successively entered the stage of civilization; Around 3800 years ago, the Central Plains has formed a more mature form of civilization and radiates cultural influence to all sides; After many times of ethnic blending and dynastic changes, the unified situation of a multi-ethnic country was formed. After the 1911 Revolution in the early 20th century, the feudal monarchy was abolished and the bourgeois democratic republic was founded. After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the socialist system of people's democratic dictatorship was established in Chinese Mainland.
China has a vast territory and a large number of nationalities. The Huaxia nationality in the pre-Qin period flourished in the Central Plains. In the Han Dynasty, the Han nationality was formally formed through cultural blending, laying the foundation for China's main ethnic group. After that, it gradually formed a unified multi-ethnic country by blending with the surrounding nationalities, and the population also continued to rise. The population of China in the Song Dynasty exceeded 100 million, the population in the Qing Dynasty exceeded 400 million, and by 2005 the population of China had exceeded 1.3 billion.
Chinese culture has a long history, extensive, profound and colorful history. It is the cultural suzerain of the East Asian cultural circle and plays an important role in the world cultural system. Due to the differences in geographical location and natural conditions, China has its own characteristics in human and economic aspects. Traditional cultural and artistic forms include poetry, opera, calligraphy, traditional Chinese painting, etc., while the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the Qingming Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival, the Mid-Autumn Festival, and the Double Ninth Festival are important traditional festivals in China.
1: China Import and Export Fair (Canton Fair)
China famous Exhibition, jointly founded in 1957 by the Ministry of Commerce and the Guangdong Provincial government, is a comprehensive international trade event with the longest history, the largest scale, the most variety of commodities, the largest number of buyers, the widest distribution of countries and regions, the best trading effect and the best reputation. After years of development, the Canton Fair has become the number one promotion platform for China's foreign trade, known as the barometer and weather vane of China's foreign trade, as well as the window, epitome and symbol of China's opening up. By 2020, the exhibition scale of each Canton Fair has reached 1.185 million square meters, with nearly 26,000 exhibitors at home and abroad, and about 200,000 overseas buyers from more than 210 countries and regions attending.
2: China International Import Expo
The world's first national-level exhibition with import as its theme was planned, proposed, deployed and promoted by Chairman Xi in person. The sponsors were the Ministry of Commerce and the Shanghai Municipal Government. The International Import Expo is a major decision made by China to promote a new round of high-level opening up. In recent years, Chairman Xi has delivered keynote speeches at the opening ceremony of the China International Import Expo. The Expo aims to become four major platforms for international procurement, investment promotion, people-to-people and cultural exchanges, and open cooperation, as well as an international public product for global sharing.
3: China International Hi-Tech Fair
The largest and most influential science and technology exhibition in China is jointly organized by the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the State Intellectual Property Office, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Engineering and other ministries and commissions, and the Shenzhen Municipal government, and is held annually in Shenzhen. The fair integrates fruit trading, product display, project investment promotion, cooperation and exchange, and high-level forums, focusing on the display of advanced technologies and products in the fields of high-end equipment manufacturing, new energy, new materials, new energy vehicles, energy conservation and environmental protection, and new generation information technology.
4:China-asean Expo (East Expo)
The national exhibition is co-sponsored by the competent economic and trade departments of the governments of China and 10 ASEAN countries and the ASEAN Secretariat, and hosted by Guangxi. The Expo will serve as an effective platform to build a China-Asean free trade area and facilitate trade and investment. It will also serve as an important link for China and ASEAN to strengthen cooperation with economies outside the region and integrate into the global value chain. The East Expo has played an important role in the Belt and Road Initiative. In February 2014, the state designated the East Expo as a "key foreign-related forum and exhibition held at the national level".
5: Western China International Expo
The national-level exhibition Western China International Fair is an important platform for investment promotion, trade cooperation and diplomatic service of the country in the western region. Since the 14th session of 2013, the WCIF has set up guest of honor countries, such as Mongolia, France, Germany, Italy, etc., which have served as guest of honor countries respectively. Chairman Xi once pointed out in his congratulatory letter to the 17th Western China International Fair that the Western China International Fair is an important window for China's opening up, which has built an important platform for western China to participate in the joint construction of the "the Belt and Road" and deepen exchanges and cooperation with countries around the world. In 2014, WCIF was positioned as a large-scale institutional foreign-related forum and exhibition attended by party and state leaders.
6: China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition (Airshow China)
Representative exhibition of China; The only international professional aviation and aerospace exhibition approved by the central government; Since its establishment in 1995, the exhibition has developed into a grand event integrating trade, professionalism and appreciation, representing the advanced technology mainstream of today's international aerospace industry and demonstrating the development level of today's international aerospace industry, ranking among the world's top five air exhibitions. As a "national behavior", China Airshow has been highly valued by national leaders.
7: China Yiwu International Small Commodity (Standard) Expo (Yiwu Fair)
Founded in 1995, Yiwu Fair is an international exhibition of daily consumption products approved by The State Council. It is jointly organized by the Ministry of Commerce and the People's Government of Zhejiang Province. The organizer of the 26th Uprising Fair has newly added the Standardization Administration and renamed it China Yiwu International Small Commodity (Standard) Fair. Since then, it has become the first international exhibition with standard elements in China. Yiwu Fair is the largest, most influential and most effective consumer goods exhibition in China, and one of the most important export commodity exhibitions of the Ministry of Commerce.
8: China International Fair for Trade in Services
The former Beijing Fair for International Trade in Services was changed to its current name in 2019. Jointly sponsored by the Ministry of Commerce and Beijing Municipal Government, the Service Trade Fair is a representative exhibition in China, the largest comprehensive exhibition in the field of global service trade and the leading exhibition in the field of service trade in China.
9: East China Import and Export Fair (China Fair)
East China Import and Export Fair. Supported by the Ministry of Commerce, China Fair is a regional international economic and trade event with the largest scale, the largest number of merchants, the broadest coverage and the highest transaction value in China. It is jointly hosted by Shanghai, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Ningbo and Nanjing. There are clothing exhibition, textile fabric exhibition, household products exhibition, decorative gifts exhibition, modern lifestyle exhibition (including import exhibition and cross-border e-commerce exhibition area).
10: China-south Asia Expo (South Asia Expo)
China's famous exhibition, co-sponsored by the Ministry of Commerce and the government of Yunnan Province, and invited South Asian countries to jointly hold the exhibition. After several years of cultivation and development, the exhibition has been expanding in scale, playing an important role in promoting economic and trade exchanges between China and South Asian countries. According to incomplete statistics, the exhibitors have covered 89 countries and regions around the world and 29 provinces, regions and municipalities in China. The holding of the Expo is a major breakthrough in expanding Yunnan's opening to the outside world, which has great strategic significance for building a strategic platform of China's opening to the west and promoting the strategy of multilateral and multi-diplomatic relations.